A Comprehensive List of Diabetes Drugs

Insulin is the most commonly prescribed drug for type 1 diabetes. Your body cannot produce insulin if you have type 1 diabetes.

Pramlintide is an amylinomimetic medication (SymlinPen 120, SymlinPen 60). It's an injectable medication that's taken before meals.

Medications that inhibit alpha-glucosidase assist your body break down starchy foods and sugar. This has the effect of lowering blood sugar levels.

Biguanides reduce the amount of sugar your liver produces. They reduce the amount of sugar absorbed by your intestines.

DPP-4 inhibitors aid in the body's continued production of insulin. They reduce blood sugar levels without producing hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).

Meglitinides are drugs that aid in the release of insulin in the body. However, they may drop your blood sugar too much in some circumstances.

Sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT 2) inhibitors operate by preventing glucose from being stored in the kidneys.

Sulfonylureas are one of the oldest diabetes medications still in use. They function by activating the pancreas through beta cells.

Thiazolidinediones operate by lowering blood glucose levels in the liver. They also aid in the improved use of insulin by fat cells.